The driver's responsibilities. – Checks of car technique at driving test (control issues).
Visual explanation on YOUTUBE:
Engine and exhaust - contamination:
The engine should be dry (not soiled with oil) and may not make black smoke or noice.
The tailpipe/ exhaust pipe must be fitted firmly and must not have holes, and cannot make noise and smoke black.
There must be sufficient engine oil. Check this by pulling up the dipstick (is often yellow), and wipe it clean. Wait a few minutes to allow the oil sink to the bottom. Now plug in the dipstick, and pull it up again. Now you read the level which must be between min. and max.
There must also be sufficient coolant. Usually a visible container in the engine compartment which can be read. The fluid level must be between min. and max.
Glazing should be clean and transparent.
Wipers should be in good condition, so visibility is ensured in the rain.
There must be sufficient washer fluid to the trip you want to drive.
Tires and rims:
Tire and wheel rims must be intact/ undamaged and properly fastened secured.
All four tires must have at least 1.6 mm depth in the main pattern.
All 4 tires must be of the same type (eg. Summer/ winter/ studded tires).
Studded tires may be used from November 1st to April 15th.
It is legal to mount tires in pairs one such mixing two brands on two axles.
Tires should be inflated to the proper pressure (can be found in your owner's manual or in the front passenger door or fuel door).
Tires should be mounted such that possible rotation indication is followed -look for arrow on wall side of the tire.
NOTE. Before you drive abroad during winter, check the country's rules for tyre requirements on: http://www.fdm.dk/biler/biludstyr/daek/regler-vinterdaek-udlandet
Checked by pressing down abrupt and firm over the car's four corners.
Corner that is pressed should immediately be quiet.
If possible, additional check for oil spills on them (no requirements for the driving test).
The steering device shall be operable Easy, Secure and Fast.
The steering equipment must be self-aligning the car automatically want to run straight ahead). As you turn the steering wheel should be no murmurs.
There must be no backlash gearing/ play (backlash gearing is the possible movement that can be made before the front wheels are turning).
Checking the backlash gearing is performed with the engine running. The slightest movement of the steering wheel must move the front wheels on both sides. The test is performed by standing outside with open door and turning on the steering wheel. Upon check it is best that the wheels are in a straightforward position. Right front wheel can only be checked with a helper.
Most cars have electric power steering = no checking, but some vehicles have hydraulic power steering, and then there will be a bottle in the engine compartment for hydraulic servo liquid, where the fluid level must be between minimum and maximum. The driver must know what type of assisted/power steering the car has.!
Normal brake (Foot brake):
Must be able to brake the car Fast, Safe and Effective at all speeds and loads.
Must be a 2 circuit hydraulic braking system (hydraulic = fluid pressure) that acts on all four wheels.
If one circuit fails, the other circuit acts as emergency brake.
If one circuit fails, you feel that the brake pedal can be depressed further than normal. In this case further driving is prohibited.!
If the brakes fail in an antique car with only one brake circuit, the handbrake is used as an emergency brake.
The parking brake (handbrake):
Must be mechanically and work on both rear wheels.
Must be able to keep the car stopped on a steep hill, and must be locked when it is drawn up (it is unlocked by pressing the button).
Checking the normal brake (foot brake):
The brake pedal must have a non-slip surface.
The brake pedal cannot be loose and move from side to side.
The brake pedal should feel firm and solid.
The brake pedal must not be pressed close to car floor.
The brake pedal should not sink at constant pressure.
The brake pedal must have around 1 cm clearance before braking starts.
Checking the vacuum amplifier/ brake servo:
Pump the brake pedal 3-4 times with the engine off (it should pump itself upwards).
Keep the pedal depressed.
The engine is then started while the brake pedal is depressed.
When the engine is running the pedal should now sink to its original position = vacuum amplifier works.
Tank/ bottle level must be between minimum and maximum.
Never fill with brake fluid (requires a professional).
General requirements for lamps:
There must be the same strength and colour in the lamps in pairs (change bulbs in pairs).
All lenses must be clean and undamaged.
Lights must be approved (must have an E approval code written in glass).
Bulbs must be mounted correctly in the socket.
All lights to work.!
There are two of all lights, except for turn signals (6 pcs.) And brake light (3 pcs.).